Open science is a different approach to the practice of scientific research, aimed at making research more understandable, useful, and impactful. When you’re doing open science you:
Clearly document all research methods, processes, observations, code, and data; make these freely, publicly available for reuse and redistribution
Collaborate with researchers from within your discipline and across disciplines, often via the world wide web
Make research communications widely available and accessible to the public, encouraging public engagement and participation in research.
These open practices are not just specific to science-- in fact, they are applicable to any kind of research! The next several sections introduce and explore Open Science concepts and practices in more detail.